Insurance in Nigeria: A Comprehensive Guide

Are you looking for a comprehensive guide on insurance in Nigeria? You’re on the right page.

Insurance is a necessary part of any personal or corporate financial strategy. It may lessen the financial effect of unexpected occurrences by offering protection against illnesses, accidents, and property loss.

Nigeria has a thriving insurance market that provides both people and companies with a variety of insurance products.


This article will examine the whole guide to insurance in Nigeria, including the many kinds of insurance that are available, how to choose the best insurance plan, and where to look for insurance.


Insurance is a financial tool for managing risk: you agree to pay regular fees (premiums) to an insurance company, and in exchange, they promise to cover specified financial losses if certain unfortunate events, like accidents or illnesses, occur. It’s like pooling money with others to share the burden of unexpected costs, providing peace of mind and financial protection when life throws curveballs.


Let’s take a look at the types of insurance in the country, so you decide which one is good for you. The insurance market in Nigeria provides a variety of insurance products, such as:


Health insurance covers hospital stays, surgeries, and prescription drugs, among other medical costs.

  • Types include individual, family, critical illness, HMO, PPO, and POS.
  • Coverage includes prescription medicine, dentistry, maternity, inpatient, and outpatient care.
  • Variations include employer-sponsored plans, sharia-compliant policies, and microinsurance.
  • Difficulties include cost, awareness, and restricted access in remote regions.

The cost of medical bills, including doctor visits, hospital stays, procedures, and prescription drugs, is partially covered by health insurance.


There are some different types of health insurance plans available in Nigeria, with varying levels of coverage and costs. Popular plans consist of:

  1. Health Maintenance Organisations, or HMOs, require you to choose a primary care physician who will oversee your treatment and make specialist referrals as needed.
  2. PPO (Preferred Provider Organisation): PPO plans provide you more freedom in selecting your medical providers; but, if you see a specialist or physician outside of the network, you may have to pay extra out of cash.
  3. Pay-per-service: With fee-for-service plans, you may choose any healthcare provider you want, but unless you have additional insurance, you will be responsible for covering the whole cost of treatment.

The kind of plan, the extent of coverage, the insured person’s age and health, and other factors may all affect the price of health insurance in Nigeria.


Life insurance offers financial assistance to the policyholder’s children in the case of the policyholder’s death.

  • Types: Term life, whole life, endowment, universal life, variable universal life.
  • Benefits: Death benefit, savings component, investment options, education planning.
  • Considerations: Coverage amount, policy term, premium payments, riders.
  • Innovations: Micro-life insurance, mobile-based platforms.

This is even better! Your loved ones are financially protected by life insurance in the case of your passing.

You agree to pay the insurance company premiums when you buy a life insurance policy. If you pass away during the policy term, the insurance company agrees to pay your beneficiaries a death benefit.


There are two main types of life insurance:

  1. Term life insurance: Term life insurance offers protection for a predetermined amount of time, such 10, 20, or 30 years. The death benefit will be paid to your beneficiaries if you pass away within the term. On the other hand, the insurance will expire and you won’t get compensated if you live longer than the period.
  2. Whole life insurance: This kind of insurance covers you for the whole of your life. Whole life insurance plans not only provide a death payout but also accumulate monetary value over time. It is available for tax-free withdrawal or borrowing against the cash value.

The kind of policy, the extent of coverage, and the insured person’s age and health may all affect the cost of life insurance in Nigeria.


A kind of insurance known as motor insurance covers third-party and other damages brought on by the policyholder’s vehicle.

Mandatory: Third-party (TPO) for all vehicles.

Optional: Comprehensive, Third-party Plus (TPO+), theft and/or fire add-ons.

Factors: Location, driving history, age of the driver, and kind of vehicle.

Developments: Pay-as-you-drive models, online quotes and purchases.

The kind of vehicle, the insured person’s age and driving history, and the extent of coverage may all affect the price of auto insurance in Nigeria.


Property insurance protects against property damage caused by incidents such as fire, theft, or natural disasters.

  • Types: Buildings, contents, personal liability, business interruption.
  • Coverage includes earthquake, flood, fire, theft, and other hazards.
  • Take into account: Replacement cost, market value, and deductibles.
  • Trends: livestock and crop insurance, as well as cyber insurance.

Property insurance guards against harm from calamities like fires, theft, natural disasters, and vandalism to your house and its belongings.


In Nigeria, there are many kinds of property insurance plans with various degrees of coverage. Several common forms of coverage include of:

  1. Building insurance: This kind of insurance pays for repairs to your home’s structure in the event of damage.
  2. Contents insurance: This kind of insurance pays for repairs to your personal property, including electronics, appliances, and furniture.
  3. Insurance for loss of use: In the event that a covered occurrence prevents you from residing in your house, this kind of insurance pays your living costs.

The kind of property, where it is located, and the extent of coverage all affect how much property insurance costs in Nigeria.


Travel insurance offers protection against unforeseen circumstances that could arise when travelling, such as airline delays, misplaced luggage, or urgent medical attention.

  • Coverage includes: delayed flights, lost luggage, medical crises, and trip cancellation.
  • Duration: Annual plans, many trips, and single trips.
  • Extra choices include sports coverage and adventurous pursuits.
  • Prioritisations include location, purpose of travel, and any pre-existing medical issues.

It has other benefits! If anything goes wrong while you’re travelling, travel insurance might help you recover your losses.

The duration of your journey, the location, and the extent of coverage may all affect how much travel insurance costs in Nigeria.


It’s crucial to take your demands as a person or as a company into account when selecting insurance in Nigeria. Take into account variables including your financial status, your tolerance for risk, and the kind of coverage you need. For instance, having life insurance is essential if you have dependents. It is legally compulsory to get auto insurance if you own a car.

It is important to take into account the insurance company’s financial soundness and reputation. Seek for insurance companies that have a solid financial standing and a history of providing exceptional customer care. In the case of a covered loss, this will guarantee that your claims will be processed quickly and that the insurance company is able to reimburse you.


Take into account the following advice to identify the top insurance companies in Nigeria:

  1. Consult with friends and relatives who have firsthand knowledge of insurance companies for advice.
  2. Do some internet research on several insurance companies and read client testimonials to learn about their standing and level of customer support.
  3. To get the finest coverage at the lowest cost, compare insurance quotes from many companies.
  4. Search for insurance companies that grant savings for combining many plans or for maintaining a clean driving record.


In conclusion, insurance plays a critical role in every financial strategy, whether personal or commercial, in Nigeria. You may safeguard your possessions and yourself from unanticipated catastrophes by being aware of the many forms of insurance that are available, selecting the appropriate coverage, and locating the top insurance companies.

To get the best coverage at the lowest cost, take the time to investigate and contrast insurance companies. You can make sure you have the appropriate insurance coverage for your needs—personal or professional—by paying attention to these recommendations.

Mfonobong Daniel

I am Daniel, a professional financial blogger, an insurance agent and financial adviser. Join me as I unravel and breakdown the mysteries behind insurance policies in Nigeria.

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